Most commonly, in Android smartphones, if Google Maps app is pre-installed in your smartphone, then you are using the Global Positioning Service (GPS) satellite navigation system which is made by the USA. Among smartphone users, where GPS is quite familiar, very few people know that GPS is not the only satellite navigation system. Russia uses its own navigation system called GLONASS, the European Union and China use Galileo and BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) respectively.
In India, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has developed the Indian version of GPS, which has been named Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC). Although it will be used currently only by people associated with ISRO, Army and Disaster Management. This Indian version of GPS will benefit the Indian people as well when it reaches smartphones.
Navic Navigation System focuses solely on India and ISRO says it will give more accurate information than GPS. With this help, position Accuracy of up to 5 meters will be available. According to the media sources, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is working quickly in developing this technology and making it more advanced. With the help of a navigator, the neighboring countries can be easily monitored of the range of around two hundred kilometers outside the country.
GPS where only works on the L band, Navic Dual is powered by dual Frequency. Navic works in both S and L with the help of the band and therefore can give more precise information. A total of 8 Indian Regional Navigation Satellites (IRNS) are working for Navic and are continuously gathering data related to the location.
For smartphones, a new chipset will be required for Navic with some upgrade. India has presently one of the largest smartphone markets, in such a way, Navic navigation system can be a game-changer in smartphones and other devices. ISRO is talking to Qualcomm and Broadcom for integrating it into smartphones. According to Dr. Ashish Agrawal, chief scientist of National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the navigator’s GPS will be accurate, because it is being provided more precise timing from NPL. There is an error of less than few Nanoseconds which makes it very much precise. Under this scheme, NPL has prepared a special Atomic watch for ISRO, which has been linked to the NAVIC navigation.